The crypto volume increasead dramatically in 2017, so governments and central banks now have little choice but to acknowledge that cryptocurrencies are here to stay.
Peter Smith, CEO of Blockchain, told CNBC:
This year will be the first year we start to see central banks start to hold digital currencies as part of their balance sheet.
Bitcoin is already a top 30 currency by supply, and this trend, and pressure to hold digital currency as part of reserves will only accelerate as the price rises.
Smith stated that central banks would likely buy Bitcoin and Ethereum as part of their reserves, just as they do with gold and foreign currency. The rise of Bitcoin as an asset would mean that some major financial institutions would have to start holding it.
There is growing opinion among bankers that cryptocurrencies will be held by central banks in order to be better prepared for shocks to the markets.
According to Eugene Etsebeth, a former central banker with the South African Reserve Bank:
In 2018, G-7 central banks will witness bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies becoming the biggest international currency by market capitalization. This event, together with the global nature of cryptocurrencies with 24/7 trading access, will make it intuitive to own cryptocurrencies as they become a de-facto investment as part of a central bank’s investment tranche.
He added that digital currencies would also facilitate international trade.
According to Bitcoinist, it has also been widely suggested that nations would have to consider issuing their own digital state coins, or stablecoins, which would be pegged to local currency. A number of central banks have already started to investigate the possibility of a state-issued cryptocurrency. Banks in the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia announced a partnership to issue a cryptocurrency for cross-border trade last week.
The People’s Bank of China also hinted that it would be launching a new state virtual currency in the near future.